A comparison of genesis and the enuma elish creation story

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A comparison of genesis and the enuma elish creation story

Marduk then creates the world out of the remains of the slain gods. Genesis In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Now the earth was without shape and empty, and darkness was over the surface of the watery deep, but the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the water.

In a sense, until it has a name, the creation has not yet been finished. This is why it is notable that Adam names the animals. God is delegating some of his creational power to Adam and Adam shares in the final creative acts with God.

Therefore, a work which is unnamed is not yet finished and not yet created. The cutting and shaping out of the work is not yet complete.

Interestingly Tiamut is associated with sea serpents or dragons and the sea was typically regarded as a chaotic place of dangers and unknowns. She then uses these serpent weapons against the greater gods, just as the serpent thwarts God's plans.

Likewise, Adam is given dominion over all creation in verse 1: Each god is associated with something, such as sky or earth. This parallels the six days of creation in Genesis, where Elohim plural creates a different thing on each day. One half of her [Tiamut] he established as a covering for heaven.

And bade them not to let her waters come forth. He passed through the heavens, he surveyed the regions Tablet 4, Line vs. God saw that it was good. And over against the Deep he set the dwelling of Nudimmud. And the lord measured the structure of the Deep, Tablet 2, Lines vs.

In Hebrew, seas and "the deep" are the same as noted earlier. The stars, their images, as the stars of the Zodiac, he fixed. He ordained the year and into sections he divided it; For the twelve months he fixed three stars.

After he had [ God placed the lights in the expanse of the sky to shine on the earth, to preside over the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. He appointed him, a being of the night, to determine the days; Tablet 5, Lines vs. God made two great lights—the greater light to rule over the day and the lesser light to rule over the night.

He made the stars also. Tablet 5, Lines vs. By the seventh day God finished the work that he had been doing, and he ceased on the seventh day all the work that he had been doing.

God blessed the seventh day and made it holy because on it he ceased all the work that he had been doing in creation. My blood will I take and bone will I [fashion], I will make man, that man may Tablet 6, Lines vs.

Likewise, Yahweh makes mankind and then rests. Notable Differences It is mankind which is given dominion over creation in Genesis, not the gods. No battle There is no epic celestial battle recorded in Genesis The demiurge God is not just the demiurge, he is also the creator of all things, unlike Marduk Source of power God did not have to be granted any power from other celestial beings and simply possesses it and implicitly always hasunlike Marduk.

A comparison of genesis and the enuma elish creation story

This is clear polemic against Marduk and establishes the supremacy of Yahweh. The Eridu Genesis Unfortunately the text of the creation section of the Eridu Genesis has been lost to time. Interestingly however, this text does include a flood narrative after creation, which has some notable comparisons and contrasts, but comparison of these text is outside of the scope of your question.

The Epic of Atrahasis John Walton claims that the Epic of Atrahasis and the Eridu Genesis are literarialy related and it may be that this text was inspired by the Eridu Genesis, as this appears to be the earliest mesopotamian creation myth.

In the myth, the lesser "Igigi-gods" are forced to farm the land and perform related manual labor. They become disenchanted with this situation and stage an insurrection. In order to quell this uprising, mankind is created to take over the "drudgery of labor".

Geography This text also mention of the Tigris and the Euphrates, just as Genesis does Revolt In Genesis, Adam and Eve revolt against God's plan for them and in the Epic of Atrahasis, the Igigi-gods lesser-gods revolt against the plan of the Anunna gods the greater gods lines Drudgery of labor The result of the corruption of the divine plan is the drudgery of labor becoming the responsibility of mankind Mankind is created from the clay The Epic of Atra-Hasis states:Jan 24,  · Both Enuma Elish and the first creation story of Genesis are creation stories, so many parallels may be seen between the two.

The first similarity between Enuma Elish and the first creation story of Genesis is the description of the Earth. Of these four sources, Enuma Elish has the closest parallels with the first creation story in Genesis. Wikipedia comments that the ancient Hebrews did not simply adopt the Babylonian myths; they sometimes inverted them in order to fit into their worldview.

Enuma Elish 6. Mode of creation. The Babylonian Creation Myth Enuma Elish examined, explained, and compared to Genesis of the Bible as well as to other creation myths.

The six days of creation in the Genesis myth parallel the six generations of gods in the Enuma Elish myth in type of god in Enuma Elish that is created (i.e.

god of the earth) to what is created or happens on the corresponding day in Genesis (i.e. the waters are gathered together to expose dry land). Aug 28,  · Comparison between Enuma Elish stories and Genesis There are many similarities between the Enuma Elish stories and the beginning of .

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Prometheus is .

Genesis 1 and a Babylonian Creation Story