A discussion on history of space exploration

The theme had more sets than any other space theme. Inmany of the sets started to have the Futuron colour theme. Although plenty of basic bricks were used, there were now parts with finer detail used in smoother-looking ships and multi-purpose vehicles.

A discussion on history of space exploration

Overview of recent space achievements Motivations for space activity Although the possibility of exploring space has long excited people in many walks of life, for most of the latter 20th century, only national governments could afford the very high costs of launching people and machines into space.

This reality meant that space exploration had to serve very broad interests, and it indeed has done so in a variety of ways. Government space programs have increased knowledge, served as indicators of national prestige and power, enhanced national security and military strength, and provided significant benefits to the general public.

In areas where the private sector could profit from activities in space, most notably the use of satellites as telecommunication relays, commercial space activity has flourished without government funding.

In the early 21st century, entrepreneurs believed that there were several other areas of commercial potential in space, most notably privately funded space travel.

In the years after World War IIgovernments assumed a leading role in the support of research that increased fundamental knowledge about nature, a role that earlier had been played by universities, private foundations, and other nongovernmental supporters.

This change came for two reasons. First, the need for complex equipment to carry out many scientific experiments and for the large teams of researchers to use that equipment led to costs that only governments could afford. Second, governments were willing to take on this responsibility because of the belief that fundamental research would produce new knowledge essential to the health, the security, and the quality of life of their citizens.

Thus, when scientists sought government support for early space experiments, it was forthcoming.

Space exploration - Wikipedia

Since the start of space efforts in the United Statesthe Soviet Unionand Europenational governments have given high priority to the support of science done in and from space.

From modest beginnings, space science has expanded under government support to include multibillion-dollar exploratory missions in the solar system.

Examples of such efforts include the development of the Curiosity Mars rover, the Cassini-Huygens mission to Saturn and its moons, and the development of major space-based astronomical observatories such as the Hubble Space Telescope.

Mars; CuriosityLearn about the various scientific efforts to study the planet Mars, including the Curiosity rover. Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev in used the fact that his country had been first to launch a satellite as evidence of the technological power of the Soviet Union and of the superiority of communism.

A discussion on history of space exploration

Eisenhower had decided not to compete for prestige with the Soviet Union in a space race, his successor, John F. Kennedyhad a different view. Other countries also viewed having a successful space program as an important indicator of national strength.

Even before the first satellite was launched, U. Following on the success of its photoreconnaissance satellites, which began operation inthe United States built increasingly complex observation and electronic-intercept intelligence satellites.

The Soviet Union also quickly developed an array of intelligence satellites, and later a few other countries instituted their own satellite observation programs.

Intelligence-gathering satellites have been used to verify arms-control agreements, provide warnings of military threats, and identify targets during military operations, among other uses. Corona reconnaissance satellite images made a year apart—in mid top and mid bottom —revealing the construction of a new Soviet SS-7 Saddler R intercontinental ballistic missile site.

National Reconaissance Office In addition to providing security benefits, satellites offered military forces the potential for improved communications, weather observation, navigation, timing, and position location.

This led to significant government funding for military space programs in the United States and the Soviet Union. Although the advantages and disadvantages of stationing force-delivery weapons in space have been debated, as of the early 21st century, such weapons had not been deployednor had space-based antisatellite systems—that is, systems that can attack or interfere with orbiting satellites.

The stationing of weapons of mass destruction in orbit or on celestial bodies is prohibited by international law. Governments realized early on that the ability to observe Earth from space could provide significant benefits to the general public apart from security and military uses.

The first application to be pursued was the development of satellites for assisting in weather forecasting. A second application involved remote observation of land and sea surfaces to gather imagery and other data of value in crop forecasting, resource management, environmental monitoring, and other applications.

These satellites quickly found numerous civilian uses in such areas as personal navigation, surveying and cartography, geology, air-traffic controland the operation of information-transfer networks. They illustrate a reality that has remained constant for a half century—as space capabilities are developed, they often can be used for both military and civilian purposes.

The first series of U. TIROS spacecraft, placed into Earth orbit —65, paved the way for the development of satellite systems to conduct routine daily weather and atmospheric monitoring.Jun 22,  · A collection of topics about space, notable discoveries and the history of space travel.

Learn more about history and future of space exploration. Mankind Beyond Earth: The History, Science, and Future of Human Space Exploration [Claude Piantadosi] on leslutinsduphoenix.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Seeking to reenergize Americans' passion for the space program, the value of further exploration of the Moon. The exploration of the solar system is uniquely poised to bring planetary scientists, worldwide, together under the common theme of understanding the origin, evolution and bodies of our solar neighborhood.

Jan 16,  · Is the purpose of deep space exploration pure science or proving humanity’s worth? by Shalina Chatlani Monday, January 16, The Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (Orion MPCV) is an American-European interplanetary spacecraft intended to carry a crew of four astronauts to destinations at or beyond low Earth orbit (LEO).

It is built together with the ESA. Currently under development by NASA for launch on the Space Launch System, Orion is intended to facilitate human exploration .

Source for space history, space artifacts, and space memorabilia. Learn where astronauts will appear, browse collecting guides, and read original space history .

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