Posted on January 6, by Scott Alexander [Epistemic status: Content warning for discussion of suicide, murder, and race] I. There was a mass shooting — this time, in San Bernardino, California. And once again on Sunday, President Barack Obama called for measures that make it harder for would-be shooters to buy deadly firearms.
They may be seeking protection from rival gangs or violent crime in general, especially when the police are distrusted or ineffective. Many are attracted to a sense of family, identityor belonging. Other motivations include social statusintimidation by gang members, pressure from friends, family traditionand the excitement of risk-taking.
Victims of violent crime as well as their friends and family and members of socially marginalized groups e.
Academic problems such as frustration due to low performance, low expectations, poor personal relationships with teachers, and the presence of learning disabilities are all risk factors. Additionally, hyperactivity, low self-esteemand lack of role models can contribute as well.
Gang membership is also associated with early sexual activity and illegal gun ownership. If a child has thought about or already joined a gang, support groups can help the parents with the next steps. The availability of sports or interest groups is said to reduce the interest in associating with delinquent individuals  When youth join in other social groups, such as a church group or study group, it increases the strength of their social bonds, which when broken or weakened is a cause for delinquent participation.
Prison gangs in the United States American prison gangs, like most street gangs, are formed for protection against other gangs. For many members, reaching prison gang status shows the ultimate commitment to the gang. Many prison gangs are racially oriented. Gang umbrella organizations like the Folk Nation and People Nation have originated in prisons.
On July 28,after a six-year federal investigation, four leaders of the gang were convicted of racketeeringmurderand conspiracy charges. Working collaboratively, the gangs engage in drug trafficking, identity theft, and other white collar crime using contacts in the banking system.
Motorcycle gangs[ edit ] The United States has a significant population of motorcycle gangs, which are groups that use motorcycle clubs as organizational structures for conducting criminal activity. Organized crime Organized criminal groups are a subtype of gang with a hierarchical leadership structure and in which individuals commit crime for personal gain.
The activities of organized criminal groups are highly varied, and include drug, weapons, and human trafficking including prostitution and kidnappingart theftmurder including contract killings and assassinationscopyright infringementcounterfeiting, identity theft, money launderingextortionillegal gambling, and terrorism.
The complexity and seriousness of the crimes committed by global crime groups pose a threat not only to law enforcement but to democracy and legitimate economic development as well. Some of the most notorious and dangerous gangs have evolved from youth gangs.
During the late s and early s an increase in violence in the United States took place and this was due primarily to an increase in violent acts committed by people under the age of Youth gangs have increasingly been creating problems in school and correctional facilities.
However youth gangs are said to be an important social institution for low income youths and young adults because they often serve as cultural, social, and economic functions which are no longer served by the family, school or labor market. Young people can be attracted to joining a youth gang for a number of reasons.
They provide a degree of order and solidarity for their members and make them feel like part of a group or a community. For this reason, more and more youth who earlier may have not condoned gang behavior are more willing, even challenged to experiment with gang-like activity  Youth gangs may be an ever-present feature of urban culture that change over time in its form, social meaning and antisocial behavior.
However, in the United States, youth gangs have taken an especially disturbing form and continue to permeate society. A member of Mara Salvatrucha Hispanic gangs form the largest group of ethnic-based gangs in the United States.
The initial intention was to unite all Latinos into a collective struggle against oppression and to help each other overcome the problems of racism and prejudice that newly arriving Latino immigrants were experiencing.
Hence, the name "Latin Kings and Queens", which as it denotes, is a reference to members of all Latino heritages. They organized themselves as a vanguard for their communities.
Like the Black Panthersthe Young Lordsand many other groups perceiving social injustices directed at their ethnic group,[ citation needed ] the Latin Kings were broken as a movement.
They lost touch with their roots and grew into one of the largest and most infamous criminal gangs in the United States. The largest Dominican gang, Los Trinitariosis the fastest-growing Hispanic gang.Our annual theme this year, inspired by the British centenary of votes for women, will address a range of issues connected with the portrayal and representation of women in the English language.
Gangs Gangs are a violent reality that people have to deal with in today's cities. What has made these groups come about? Why do kids feel that being in a gang is both an acceptable and prestigious way to live? The long range answer to these questions can only be speculated upon, but in the.
Poverty, violence, abuse and lack of stable and healthy family relationships are just some of the factors that can lead children and youths to find a family in gangs. Psychology Today Find a Therapist.
The Mara Salvatrucha (MS) and 18th Street gangs continue to expand their influence in the United States. The number of gangs in the U.S. is on the rise across the country, as is gang-related violence, with no sign that it will let up anytime soon, according to a .
This book provides practitioners and analysts in the field with effective tools for conducting analysis of terrorist groups and other violent substate groups.