Britain was at the forefront of the Industrial Revolution, investing heavily in coal power and iron production as early as the s. Japan did not seriously industrialize until a century later, in the Meiji Restoration starting in the late s. For Britain, industrialization was a fundamentally new innovation; they were applying the most recent discoveries in science to create new modes of production and The most important contrast is that Britain industrialized long before Japan.
Industrialization in Continental Europe Industrialization arrived on the continent and in the United States later than in England, and developed in fits and starts, in contrast to its explosive origins in Britain.
Inthe British level of industrialization was twice that of France, and was three times the French level in All other countries, with the exception of the United States, had fallen even further behind. Not all other countries industrialized at the same time. Belgium, for instance, with large iron and coal deposits adopted British technology quickly.
Industrial development in France was slow and gradual, hardly "revolutionary. At the same time, the balance of the world—Latin America and Asia—tended to de-industrialize, leading to significant disparity between the developed and developing worlds.
Britain had led industrial development, and had an early lead over Continental Europe, which was slow to adopt changes in technology until proven by British success.
The French Revolution and other disturbances on the continent had disrupted trade, created runaway inflation, and led to anxiety among all classes. During the Napoleonic wars, normal lines of communication between Britain and France were severed; the effect of which was to severely handicap efforts on the continent to adopt British technology and machinery.
The years from to were a time of catastrophe for the French economy. Only after peace was restored in did France have the opportunity to follow the British pattern. In the meantime, British manufactured goods had dominated the world market. Also, British technology and machinery had become so advanced that few engineers outside the British Isles even understood it.
Steam power had grown expensive, and required massive amounts of iron and coal. Afterrailroads had become a necessity. Businessmen on the continent found it difficult to raise the large sums of money to invest in railroads and expensive machinery.
Landowners and governments were suspicious, and did not encourage innovation. All these factors combined to slow economic development in continental Europe. Continental nations had three advantages: This made it easy for their economies to adapt and survive in changing market conditions.
They simply had to borrow ideas from their British counterparts. The British jealously guarded their technological discoveries and attempted to keep their industrial secrets from escaping the country.
It was illegal for artisans and skilled mechanics to leave the country, and up untilthe exportation of textile machinery was also illegal. Despite government opposition, however, many technicians and talented workers slipped out of the country illegally.
These British technicians and skilled laborers became a decisive and powerful force in spreading industrialization outside of Britain.
One such person was Samuel Lowell, who disguised himself to travel to America and carried with him memorized plans for the construction of a textile mill in the U. He was the father of the American textile system. Also, William Cockerill, a carpenter from Lancashire, built cotton spinning equipment in French occupied Belgium in His son, John Cockerill, purchased a summer palace in Belgium in and converted it into a factory which manufactured steam engines and later railroad locomotives.
He also established a modern ironworks and coalmines. Many of the British workers who emigrated illegally worked for Cockerill, and often brought with them the latest plans and secrets.
Cockerill soon bragged that he could duplicate any technological advance in Britain ten days after the fact. Capable entrepreneurs also aided in the development of Industrialization. One such was Fritz Harkort, a Prussian army officer during the Napoleonic wars who served in England and was impressed with British technological advances.
He set up shop in the Ruhr valley and began building steam engines relentlessly; so much so that he became known as the "Watt of Germany. His business operated at a tremendous loss, such that eventually his financial backers forced him out.
Governmental support was also a substantial factor.Before Industrialization, Britain’s economy was predominantly built upon the agriculture with the minimum of seventy-five of the Britain’s population living off the rural areas. Colonization played a substantial role in the industrialization of the Great Britain.
Industrialization in Continental Europe. Industrialization arrived on the continent and in the United States later than in England, and developed in fits and starts, in contrast to its explosive origins in Britain.
People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account; Transcript of Compare and Contrast of the British and American Industrial Revolutions. Compare and Contrast Industrial Revolutions British IndustrialRevolution British . This paper will compare Japan and Britain, exploring the causes of its industrialization, and how the countries drastically changed because of it.
What sets Britain’s industrialization process apart from Japans is that it did not have a role model to base its development on; it was the first industrial nation. 24 compare contrast Britain and France ruled their colonies.
26 How did WWI encourage Europe's colonial empires to push for independence? Britain and France had huge war debt and owed money to the U.S. Britain's economy suffered.
The French economy recovered faster. Conditions improved and also the standard of living. In Britain, Industrialization was born with large scale textile production rather than means of transportation, including the invention of the water frame, flying shuttle, and spinning mule. Ironically, British textile mills were heavily .