Intermunicipal, regional, and national response, with international assistance C Note. Emergency planning is an approximate process that, in many instances, is little more than codified common sense. It also involves a collective effort and is thus a participatory process.
It has been experienced by them since time immemorial.
Though its form may be varied, it has been a challenge for society across castes, creeds, communities and countries. The latest development which has been discovered in the World Disaster Reports recently is that the disasters have increased in frequency and intensity.
People are becoming more and more vulnerable to disasters of all types, including earthquake, flood, cyclones, landslides, droughts, accidents, plane crash, forests fire, etc. With the technological advancements and progress, the force of disasters is also Sharing responsibility during disaster management.
When they occur they surpass all preparedness and eagerness of society and pose bigger challenge to them. This is quite true in case of both developed and developing countries. The floods in UK, France, and heat wave in Europe, particularly in France inclaimed more than lives.
In the yearAmerica had to face bigger disaster in the form of tornadoes and other cyclones. They caused great loss of lives and property. All these are sufficient to prove that technological mechanisms are inadequate. There is a direct correlation between higher human development and higher preparedness.
The countries which have lesser human development are more vulnerable to risks of disasters and damage. Of all the disasters, floods are the most common followed by wind storms, droughts and earthquakes.
But the drought is the deadliest disaster which accounts for 48 per cent of all deaths from natural disasters. The highest numbers of people die from disasters in Asia.
India, China and Bangladesh are the worst affected countries by flood. Besides the natural disasters, transport accidents and technological disasters are also faced by the developing countries.
India, due to its geographical locations and geological formations, is a highly disaster prone country. Its long coastline, snowclad high peaks, high mountain ranges, the perennial rivers in the north all combine to add to this problem. India, which has only two per cent the total geographical area, has to support 16 per cent of total world population.
Naturally, there is a tremendous pressure on the natural resources, which directly or indirectly lead to the occurrence of disasters, namely floods, droughts, landslides, earthquakes, etc.
Like human population, India has to support large cattle population, which also heavily depends on biomass and graze into forest area. The forest cover with more than 0. Due to overgrazing the quality of soil is also degrading resulting in soil erosion, silting of rivers, and removal of fertile soil and heavy silting of cultivable land.
We see heavy rainfall during the monsoon, sometimes cm rain in 36 hours or getting the whole monsoon rain two to three days like the ones in Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Kolkata. From the region wise analysis, it is clear that northern region of India is faced with problems of avalanches, landslides, floods, drought and earthquakes because this region fall under the seismic zones III to V.
The Eastern region is confronted with the heavy floods in the perennial rivers of Brahmaputra, Ganga, etc. Drought, heat wave, hailstorm, cyclone, heavy wind and earthquake are also common in this region.
The Northeastern region faces the natural disaster in the form of flood, landslides, wind outrage, earthquake as most of this part of the country comes under the seismic zones IV and V.
The Western region is widely known for severe drought, wind erosion of land and soil, flood and cyclone.
This area is also prone to earthquakes. The Southern region, particularly the coastal region is vulnerable to cyclones, sea erosion, tsunami, landslides. Indian coastal areas faced some of the severest cyclones both in Eastern coast and Western coast.Essay Of Sharing Responsibilities On Disaster Management.
SHARING RESPONSIBILITY – ROLE OF LOCAL AND STATE BODIES The following ministry is assigned the responsibility of providing emergency support (i) Ministry of home affairs (ii) Ministry of health and family welfare.
The officials from the health, irrigation water, sanitation, police and fire services department and representatives of. Effective Disaster Management Strategies in the 21st Century Developing the tools, processes and best practices to meet the demands of the increasing number of disasters.
A. Hossain – Community Participation in Disaster Management Sociology - Community Participation in Disaster Management: Role of Social Work to Enhance Participation Md.
Anwar Hossain* Abstract Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable areas to natural disasters in the world. Role played by Social Media during Chennai Floods: Social Media as a Means of getting News and latest updates on the situation With no current and water logging, watching news on TC or getting newspapers was not possible for the first few days.
Disaster Management can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters.
Sep 08, · Fake forecasts, doctored photos and out-of-context videos are junking up the flow of information about Hurricane Irma. What compels people to share them?