Political representation, on almost any account, will exhibit the following five components: Theories of political representation often begin by specifying the terms for the first four components. For instance, democratic theorists often limit the types of representatives being discussed to formal representatives — that is, to representatives who hold elected offices.
Argentina - Government Photo by: The basic structure is federal and republican.
Some modifications in the original constitution were subsequently made by a constituent assembly that met in October In Julya system of proportional representation was adopted.
The constitution provides for a federal union of provinces that retain all powers not specifically delegated to the federal government by the constitution.
There is a separation of powers among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches, but the president is powerful within this arrangement. The president can draw up and introduce his own bills in Congress, appoint cabinet members and other officials without the consent of the Senate, and possesses broad powers to declare a state of siege and suspend the constitution.
The president is commander-in-chief of the army, navy, and air force and appoints all major civil, military, naval, and judicial offices, with the approval of the Senate in certain cases.
The president is also responsible, with the cabinet, for the acts of the executive branch and has the right of patronage control over appointments in regard to bishoprics. The president and vice president are directly elected for a 4-year term and cannot be re-elected beyond a second consecutive term.
They or their parents must be native-born citizens. Voting is compulsory for all citizens 18 to 70 years of age. The 72 senators are directly elected, 3 from each of the 23 provinces and the Federal District of Buenos Aires.
The term of office is set at six years, with staggered elections every three years for one-third of the membership. The Chamber of Deputies is the result of direct elections for seats. Seats are allocated to each province in proportion to its population, but less populated provinces are over represented.
The Chamber of Deputies is authorized to receive the budget and initiate fiscal legislation and has the exclusive right to impeach officials before the Senate.
The most recent suspensions of the constitution were between andand then again from until During the most recent suspension, a military junta performed the executive, legislative, and judicial functions.
Since the resumption of civilian government inthere has been an uneasy relationship between the military and the government. The controversial trials of military leaders led to serious questions about the credibility of the judiciary and mild sentences for the accused.
Yet, after more than 17 years of democratic government, there appear to be new efforts to bring former military leaders to justice.
Revisions to the constitution were approved in August BOOK III. BEFORE speaking of the different forms of government, let us try to fix the exact sense of the word, which has not yet been very clearly explained..
1. GOVERNMENT IN GENERAL. I WARN the reader that this chapter requires careful reading, and that I am unable to make myself clear to those who refuse to be attentive. . 1 GUIDELINES AND APPLICATION FORMAT FOR Registration of political parties under Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, (Please read the guidelines .
Functions of elections Elections make a fundamental contribution to democratic governance. Because direct democracy—a form of government in which political decisions are made directly by the entire body of qualified citizens—is impractical in most modern societies, democratic government must be conducted through representatives.
The legislature is that organ of the government which passes the laws of the government. It is the agency which has the responsibility to formulate the will of the state and vest it .
Functions of elections. Elections make a fundamental contribution to democratic governance. Because direct democracy—a form of government in which political decisions are made directly by the entire body of qualified citizens—is impractical in most modern societies, democratic government must be conducted through representatives.
In the common view, political representation is assumed to refer only to the political activities undertaken, in representative democracies, by citizens elected to political office on behalf of their fellow citizens who do not hold political leslutinsduphoenix.comr, the lack of consensus in the political literature on political representation belies this common view.