Short bibliography Introduction The conventional wisdom, including statements by the U. Supreme Court, has academic freedom as a legal right, derived from the First Amendment to the U. I believe that this conventional wisdom is wrong.
What is the Project Approach? The Project Approach offers teachers a way to develop in-depth thinking while engaging the hearts and minds of young children.
Teachers take a strong guidance role in the process while children study topics with purpose and flexibility. In early childhood, projects can be defined as open ended studies of everyday topics which are worthy of being included in an educational program.
Projects emerge from the questions children raise and develop according to their particular interests. Rather than offering immediate answers to the questions children ask, teachers provide experiences through which children can discover the answers themselves through inquiry at field sites and interviewing experts.
Children also consult secondary sources of information such as books and the internet in the classroom and with their parents at home. Project investigations promote in-depth understanding and cover a wide range of relevant subtopics. For this reason projects usually take several weeks to complete—and sometimes much longer, depending on the age and interests of the children.
The Project Approach, then, is the method of teaching children through project investigations. Because project work follows an unpredictable path based on the interests of particular children, a flexible framework to support teachers has been developed.
This framework makes the inquiry more manageable: Teachers guide children through a three phase process from the beginning of a project to its conclusion. You may find the Project Planning Journal helpful in understanding and implementing project work.
In the beginning of a project, the teacher builds interest in the topic through encouraging the children to share relevant personal stories of experience. As the inquiry begins in earnest, teachers enable the children go on field visits, interview adults who are experts, such as waiters, farmers, or nurses, for example, according to the topic of study.
Children also look at books, internet sites, videos, and so on. As they learn more about the topic they use many forms of representation to illustrate what they have learned and to share new knowledge with their classmates.
Finally, the teacher guides the conclusion of the study and helps the children review their achievements. The children share their work with parents, another class, or members of the local community who have helped them in the process of the investigation. This final phase of the work includes the assessment by teachers of what the children have learned through the project.
All children will have learned basic facts about the topic. Some children will have learned more about certain aspects of the topic such as the role of the adults, or the steps or materials used in the manufacture of an important item.
There will be times when one child may have achieved individual learning goals such as developing confidence in a particular personal strength or learning to collaborate effectively with other classmates.
What are the advantages of the Project Approach? Children apply skills and knowledge in their study of buses, shoes, trees, or grocery stores. They learn about the value of reading, writing, and numbers in the life of the adults around them.
In the context of the project the children become apprentices in the pursuit of knowledge alongside their teachers. Teachers take a responsive role in developing the project. They coordinate different interests and support small group and individual inquiries as these emerge.
Teachers who use the project approach report that students show great interest and actively participate. They ask questions and follow up their own curiosity with investigations. Along with the motivation it provides, project work also integrates all areas of learning and aspects of child development.
It offers many chances to practice problem solving and critical thinking—skills that build language, math and scientific understanding. In fact, it helps children gain confidence in themselves and their abilities and develops in them the disposition to strive for understanding.
How does the Project Approach align with curriculum requirements and standards? This type of learning differs considerably from the preplanned lessons of a published curriculum.
While project work supports the curriculum standards identified for testing, teachers do not teach to the test through project work. The emphasis is on the context in which learning is intrinsically motivated and engaging to young children.
Through careful observation and skillful planning on the part of the teacher, curriculum goals can be integrated into project work.Case Studies. Print Version Case studies are stories that are used as a teaching tool to show the application of a theory or concept to real situations.
Dependent on the goal they are meant to fulfill, cases can be fact-driven and deductive where there is a correct answer, or they can be context driven where multiple solutions.
ENGAGING INQUIRY RESEARCH AND WRITING IN THE DISCIPLINES by Judy Kirscht and Mark Sehlenz, familiarizes students with the purposes, processes, and forms of academic writing across the disciplines by introducing them to the ways that academic knowledge and writing emerge from methodical approaches to inquiry, research, and critical thinking..
The text's inquiry-based approach to academic. Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback.
A teaching method known as “inquiry teaching” has been adapted to the college classroom where followers claim the method builds analytic skills, improves students’ knowledge base, and promotes student engagement.
Constructivism is a philosophical viewpoint about the nature of leslutinsduphoenix.comically, it represents an ontological stance.. There are many flavors of constructivism, but one prominent theorist known for his constructivist views is Jean Piaget, who focused on how humans make meaning in relation to the interaction between their experiences and their ideas.
ETS has a long history of effectively helping institutions satisfy accreditation requirements and measure student performance. And, as the conversations around student learning outcomes and the shifting higher education landscape continue, it is important to work with a market leader who can provide valid and reliable data and position you for the future.