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However, a few points must be made: Vegetarian Reformers Break Away contents Donald Watson was pivotal to the emergence and early development of veganism. He eventually came to believe that vegetarianism was overdue for reform, and he began "corresponding with a very small number of people, scattered far and wide" who shared his concerns.
One point he made during this period is that "the cow feels the loss of her calf in much the same way that a human mother would feel the loss of her child" [ 2 ].
Among his arguments [ 4 ]: In order to maintain the stability of any poultry business most of these cocks have to be killed off. Watson considered Cross a "great friend" and said he "must be put in the records" as an "outstanding" and "faithful" contributor to the cause of veganism.
After five years this effort gave rise to Plamil, a company that in began selling a canned soy milk concentrate in London shops. Cross described his objections to using cows for milk in a letter printed by The Vegetarian Messenger [ 6 ]: Milk and its derivatives are products of pain, suffering, and abominable interference with the law of love.
In AugustWatson and Sally Shrigley tried to accommodate them [ 7 ]. They asked the Vegetarian Society to form an official non-dairy subgroup and set aside space in The Vegetarian Messenger to facilitate communication both among their faction and with those not yet convinced.
Soon after being turned down, the duo convened a meeting with five others in London [ 8 ]. That day a new and independent society was established that took a name, which Watson had previously coined with his spouse Dorothy Morgan, derived from "the beginning and end of vegetarian".
Their first manifesto, from Novemberpresented two objectives and text expounding upon them [ 9 ]: Whilst honouring the efforts of all who are striving to achieve the emancipation of man and of animals, The Vegan Society suggests that results must remain limited so long as the exploitation in food and clothing production is ignored.
The Vegan Society is eager that it should be realised how closely the meat and dairy produce industries are related. The atrocities of dairy farming are, in some ways, greater than those of the meat industry but they are more obscured by ignorance.
Moreover, The Vegan Society asserts that the use of milk in any form after the period of weaning is biologically wrong and that, except when taken directly from the mother, it becomes polluted and unsafe. The Society, therefore, sees no honourable alternative but to challenge the traditions of orthodoxy by advocating a completely revised dietary based on reason and humane principle and guided by science and [designed] to meet physiological requirements.
It is not suggested that Veganism alone would be sufficient to solve all the problems of individual and social-well being, but so closely is its philosophy linked with morality, hygiene, aesthetics and agricultural economy that its adoption would remedy many unsatisfactory features of present-day life.
Thus, if the curse of exploitation were removed, spiritual influences, operating for good, would develop conditions assuring a greater degree of happiness and prosperity for all.
He offered an analogy that identified the fundamental problem and suggested the necessity of abolition:leslutinsduphoenix.com I told a guy in a bar that my favorite novel of the last decade was House of Leaves, he replied with, “Oh, right.
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This essay focuses on the first few decades of the original Vegan Society. It was partly written to support the contention that veganism is a rejection of nonhuman exploitation that goes beyond dietary guidelines.
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