The first purpose was to create a buffer between population and the selection of a President. The second as part of the structure of the government that gave extra power to the smaller states.
Our government leads us to believe that our vote matters, and that we should not take the responsibility lightly. As a political science major, I religiously follow presidential campaigns and was looking forward to being able to vote this November in the general election for the first time.
However, as I did more research on our voting system my excitement began to evaporate. In fact, the more research I did on America's voting process the more incredulous I became.
This was due in large part to my growing understanding of the Electoral College. What is the Electoral College? In the month of November during a presidential election year, each state holds an open election in which all qualified citizens may participate. Citizens cast a vote for a particular 'ticket', which comprises of a candidate for President and Vice President.
Many Americans are familiar with this part of the voting process. What happens after this stage, though, is not as universally understood. It is at this point in the election process that the Electoral College begins to take effect.
In 48 states the Electoral College is utilized in the same way Maine and Nebraska have a slight variation. After the votes in each of these 48 states are counted and tallied, the political party whose candidate received a majority in a particular state is allowed to choose a slate of electors who will cast the real votes for President.
In total there are electors who comprise of the Electoral College. States are not allotted electoral votes solely based on population. They are given electoral votes based on their representation in Congress.
So each state is given a minimum of 3 electoral votes each state has 2 Senators and at least 1 Representative regardless of population.
We vote for President in November, but all electors meet at a designated location within their respective state in December to cast an official ballot. The candidate who receives a majority of the electoral votes currently wins the election.
However, for the sake of expediency I will only touch on the ones I find to be most relevant. If the amount of Electoral College votes a state receives was directly proportionate to its population, smaller rural states would be rendered completely irrelevant. So they gave every state along with the District of Columbia a minimum of 3 votes.
While this distribution method successfully stroked the ego of our smaller states, it produced many unforeseen consequences.
For starters, it made the value of each citizens vote different from that of someone living in another state. This is because Wyoming has three 3 electoral votes for a population ofcitizens as of Census Bureau estimates and Texas has thirty-two 32 electoral votes for a population of almost 25 million.
By dividing the population by electoral votes, we can see that Wyoming has one "elector" for everypeople and Texas has one "elector" for about everyWith the Electoral College, the value of a vote depends on what state a person lives in.
Safe States In 48 states, a presidential candidate can win This is important because some states are considered 'swing states' and others are considered 'safe states.
Swing states are states that have historically maintained equal support for the candidates of both parties, and are viewed as crucial in deciding the outcome of an election. Therefore a Republican's vote in Maryland really doesn't matter and a Democrat's vote in Texas is worthless.The official U.S.
Electoral College web site, providing current information about the presidential election, information about the roles and responsibilities of state officials and Electors, instructions for state officials and Electors, the timeline of key dates for the presidential election, information about laws and legal requirements related to the presidential election and the Electors.
The Electoral College (Why We Use It and Why It Matters) On Election Day, Americans should appreciate the great and long-lasting constitutional tradition bequeathed to them—including the quirky. The Electoral College was created for two reasons.
The first purpose was to create a buffer between population and the selection of a President. The second as part of the structure of the government that gave extra power to the smaller states. Jan 12, · As previously stated, the Electoral College is a winner take all system.
If a candidate wins the popular vote of a state by a just a single vote, he generally receives all the electoral votes of. Nov 16, · The Electoral College Is Important Because It Reflects the Will of the States.
Charles Fried AM. We have a direct democracy: Senators, representatives and members of the Electoral College are all elected directly by the people. They do not, however, elect the president directly. College students first learning about the Electoral College will often defend the system by citing its original purpose: to provide a check on the public in case they make a poor choice for president.